- 1 of 4
Do you want to enjoy the beauty night in Jogja? There are many objects and places alternative night tour in this city. Here are some of the night tours that you should enjoy :
THE MALIOBORO AFTERNOON MARKET
If you are looking for souvenirs at the same time want to walk to enjoy the atmosphere , The Malioboro Afternoon Market then could be one of your references. This market is located in Malioboro area, the northern of Vredeburg. More than 20 vendors occupy the afternoon market since 2000. Previously, these traders sold their wares in front of and south of Fort Vredenburg. Malioboro road conditions and surroundings that was crowded plus with the presence of traders in the street / sidewalk, it made increasingly the crowded so The Jogjakarta city government asked them to move to the parking location of on the south side of The Beringharjo Market.
The traders in the Malioboro afternoon market start displaying merchandise since at 17.00 am until late at night depending on the crowd of buyers. The majority of traders in the Market sell of various types and forms of clothing for all ages, bags, slippers, and shoes. You can also find the typical of Jogjakarta foods such as bakpia, geplak, and so on. After being around the Malioboro afternoon market you can just walk to Malioboro street south or front of Vredeburg Fort. There, you can sit to enjoy the evening relaxing in the heart of Jogjakarta city while enjoying snacks offered by the vendors and looking at old buildings in the vicinity such as the Gedung Agung which is also the Presidential Palace, the Building of Indonesia Bank, and The Fort Vredeburg. The sound of busker will be heard adorn the night crowd.
Relax while looking for presents and souvenirs for people at home, the surrounding afternoon market is the right choice!
Malioboro is one of the icons of the Jogjakarta city. A street with shops and street vendors lined are very famous all over Indonesia. Starting from 09.00 - 21.00 pm, the tourists can choose goods along Malioboro Street such as cloths, food, souvenirs, bags, shoes, and so on. If the night has come you will see another theme in this Malioboro. When all the shops, malls, and street vendors start closing, start switching the trader of lesehan display their merchandise. This is typical of Malioboro street at night, lesehan stalls that you can see along the Malioboro Street. Most shops use a pedestal mat and short table. Lesehan does mean sitting relaxed on the floor or ground by mats. Menu of these stalls ranging from fried duck, fried chicken, baked chicken, fried pigeon, satay, pecel catfish, seafood and do not forget the delicious gudeg Jogja.
Try to go lesehan stalls displaying the price list so you can estimate the money you spend on food. Because there are Lesehan stalls that don't display their prices when payment making the buyer is surprise because the food is very expensive. Now almost all traders have put up a list price of foods they sell. Prices are usually more expensive than other places in Jogja. But in Malioboro is in addition to dinner, you also enjoy the tourist area which has the allure and its own characteristics. Accompanied by Jogja street artists, your dinner will feel more beautiful. There are singers who use only simple equipment, there is a professional look with full equipment and sometimes an old man with his siter (traditional music equipment like as guitar ) will sing in the stalss. Besides the artists painting the face is also often offer services for visitors. In just a matter of minutes, the buyer will enjoy their face caricature.
Please enjoy the atmosphere of Lesehan Malioboro with all "the accessories!
TUGU JOGJA (The Monument of Jogja)
Tugu Jogja is a tower that is often used as a symbol of the Jogjakarta City. This monument was built by Hamengkubuwana I, founder of the Jogjakarta Kingdom, a year after the establishment of the Kraton Yogyakarta. Tugu Jogja is the most popular landmark of Jogjakarta city. This monument has a symbolic value and is a magical line that connects the southern ocean, Jogjakarta Palace and Mount Merapi. At the time of meditation, it is said the Sultan of Jogjakarta at the time to use this monument as a benchmark the direction facing the top of Mount Merapi.
At the beginning of this monument was built cylinder-shaped poles (gilig) are pursed to the top, the bottom of a circular fence and the top round (golong) so-called golong gilig monument with a height of 25 meters. The monument conditions changed after the earthquake on June 18, 1867 which make this monument building collapsed. The monument was later repaired by Opzichter van Waterstaat / Head of Department of Public Works, JWS van Brussel under the supervision of Pepatih Dalem Kanjeng Raden Adipati (Duke) Danurejo V. Then the new monument was inaugareted The Hamengku Buwana number VII on October 3, 1889. By the Dutch government, the monument is called De Witte Paal (White Monument). The shape is different, the pillar monument is made a square by each side given a kind of inscription that shows anyone who is involved in the renovation work.The monument that was renovated by the Netherlands has is a pointy cone-shaped peak with a height of 15 meters. Since then, the monument is referred to as De Witt Paal or the white monument because white paint of the monument.
Tugu Jogja is now one of tourism object and often used as an object photographed by the tourists. The monument would be very nice enjoyed at the afternoon until the evening when floodlights that adorn the building. More fun while enjoying food and snacks around the monument, such as foods of angkringan, pecel catfish, etc. Many tourists, especially teenagers take pictures to capture their tour in Jogja. After that they sat in a clustered through the early hours in aroud of Tugu. If you walk to the south, in the east of the road are benches that can be used for lounging, looking at the monument that became one of the icons teenagers who like to hang out until late night. However, if during the day, Tugu often used for demonstration by students. Tugu Jogja is so identical with the city, many students bubbling with joy upon graduation by hold and kissed the monument.
Can not be said to Jogja if you have not touched the Tugu Jogja! Do you have touched this monument?
Angkringan is a kind of stalls that have form of wooden cart covered with plastic sheeting fabric with distinctive colors, blue or orange flashy. With a capacity of about 8 buyers, angkringan operation began late afternoon until early morning. But now some are starting to open during the day. At the night, angkringan use traditional lamp with kerosene fuel, named senthir. Beside, the bright of street lights also make brighter of angkringan stalls athmospher.
The menu that must exist inangkringan is sego kucing (cat rice). It called the rice cat because the portions such as rice-like portion of rice and side dishes are usually given to cats, such as tempe or anchovy rice. Cat rice is sold wrapped with banana leaf with a side dish of tempe chilli sauce, anchovies, or small cut omelet. Other menus are presented in a basket on the angkringan are satay of chicken intestines, chicken gizzard and liver, and quail eggs. In addition there are claw chicken, fried foods, and snacks. While the usual selection of drinks in angkringan is ginger, tea, citrus, coffee, and some other practical drinks. All sold at very affordable prices.
History of angkringan in Jogja began around the 1950's, spearheaded by a newcomer from Cawas, Klaten named Mbah Pairo. Cawas, Klaten is a region in Central Java that is particularly barren area in the dry season. The absence of fertile land that can be relied upon to make a living, made Mbah Pairo speculate to the city of Jogjakarta. He is the angkringan pioneer in Jogja. Unlike the current angkringan using carts, early angkringan use a yoke as a tool and center of interest. Located around the Tugu Station Mbah Pairo sold his wares. During Mbah Pairo era, angkringan known as ting-ting hik (read: hek). This is because the seller shouted "Hiiik ... iyeek" when offering their wares. The term of hik is often interpreted as village cuisine specialties. Hik designation is still found in Solo today, but in Jogja is more popular with term of angkringan.
Above the history of angkringan in Jogjakarta. Business of angkringan Mbah Pairo is then inherited by Lik Man, son Mbah Pairo around 1969. Lik Man who now occupies the north of Tugu Station had moved locations several times. As time went on, the business angkringan slowly and then grow to at this time it is very easy to find angkringan in every corner of the Jogjakarta city. Angkringan Lik Man became the most well known inside and outside of Jogjakarta. Angkringan Lik Man has a special drink is coffee joss. This coffee is different from other coffee, when coffee was served then it will be hot charcoal immersed in it and will cause noise jossssss. There are so many enthusiasts of this angkringan Lik Man. You can prove it if you find many of people sit on the sidewalk because angkringan area is very narrow. Angkringan stall Lik Man has now become one of the culinary icon in Jogja. Angkringan Tugu Lik Man is open from late afternoon until dawn.
Besides Angkringan Tugu is now in Jogja have been there many angkringan stalls from city to remote villages and become an alternative place to unwind, meet with friends or just relax and get-togethers while drinking and eating. Discussion is in angkringan can start from lessons at school, social issues, culture, sports, politics and all facets of life.
If you visit to Jogja, you should note angkringan in your culinary tour. In addition to feel the menu and the price is cheap, also feel of friendliness and familiarity that you will encounter!
BUKIT BINTANG (THE HILL STARS)
Hargodumilah or often called Bukit Bintang is located on the road Jogja-Wonosari miles 16 Pathuk Gunungkidul. Giving the name of this star hill because from here if in the night looking at the Jogja city will be seen the lights shining of houses from a distance like a star-studded that blend with night sky that is full of stars. It made the scenery of Jogja city look together between the sky and a limited horizon. Looks so beautiful!
In the daytime you will see the stunning views of Mount Merapi, Mount Merbabu, Mount Sumbing and Sindoro that stands and show off the beauty in the distance. When visiting Hargodumilah at twilight, you will witness the sunset over the Jogja city. The beauty will continue at night with the twinkling of Jogja city that you will see from this hill. Many tourists are mostly teenagers come to enjoy the atmosphere here. Roads around the hill has been expanded as the visitors parking. Small shop to restaurants with romantic shades lined on the sideroad. It is suitable for you who want to seek solace with peers, spouse, or family to sit around, enjoying drinks and snacks while watching the beauty of Jogja city in the distance.
Try to enjoy the beauty of Yogyakarta from different sides on this hill! Not only rich in culture, Jogja also has amazing natural!
ALUN-ALUN KIDUL (SOUTH SQUARE)
Alun-alun Kidul (South) or often called Alkid is the square in the southern part of Jogjakarta Palace. Alkid often referred to as Pengkeran, derived from the word pengker (Javanese), which means the rear. It is in accordance with the location of alkid which is located behind the palace. The square is surrounded by a square wall with five gates, one on the south side and on the east and west sides of each of the two gates. Between north and south gate on the west side there is ngGajahan an elephant's cage in order to maintain the Sultan's elephants. But now the elephants owned by the Sultan has been deposited at the zoo Gembiroloka. All around the square is planted with mango trees (Mangifera indica; family Anacardiaceae), pakel (Mangifera sp; family Anacardiaceae), and kueni (Mangifera odoranta; family Anacardiaceae). Banyan tree there are only two pairs. Pair in the middle of the square is called Supit Urang (literally = claw shrimp) and another pair on either side of the south gate called Wok (from the word bewok, harfiaf = beard). From the south side of the gate there is Gading Street that connects with Plengkung Nirbaya.
At first, alkid is made to change the atmosphere of the back of the palace to be like the front because it is basically between Mount Merapi, Yogyakarta Palace and the south sea island of Java to form an imaginary line connecting these units. At that time alkid was used as a place to practice soldiers agility. The exercises are held, among others: setonan (stunt riding), Manahan (archery, sitting cross-legged agility), rampog tiger (tiger contest). At first this alkid officials along with his soldiers conducting to meet the king. Besides the soldiers are also trained to walk on the concentration between the two banyan tree in Alkid with their eyes closed is called Masangin.
Currently exercise routine of dexterity as mentioned above no longer exists. Events the soldiers to meet the king in the alkid has also been eliminated since the days of Sultan Hamengkubuwana VIII. But at certain moments, the Sultan of Jogjakarta will hold leather puppets all night in Sasono Hinggil Dwi Abad (north of the plaza south). But at certain moments, the Sultan of Jogjakarta hold leather puppets all-night in Sasono Hinggil Dwi Abad (north of the south square). In addition, a day ahead of celebrations Grebeg all soldier get together and excercise in alkid. In addition there are typical in the south square since around the 1990s, the number of visitors in alkid began increasing and playing Masangin. The myth that is believed that successful people do Masangin, walking through between two banyan trees with eyes closed, was the good person and his/her petition will be granted and will be blessed.
Everyday many tourist come to alkid to play masangin. If saturday night will be full of people playing this game besides of course relax while enjoying the hustle and tasting food and beverages there. At five o'clock the tents were pitched and traders began to prepare food or beverages that will be sold. Food and beverages are sold such as wedang ronde, a drink with compotition from ginger, peanuts, kolang-kaling (arenga pinnata-the fruit of the sugar palm) and very small ball from rice flour contains warm liquid of brown sugar. In addition there are wedang bajigur made from coconut milk, ginger, powdered coffee and brown sugar syrup. Usually the wedang bajigur is filled bread slices, shredded coconut and kolang-kaling fruit. Bajigur and ronde drink will warm your body from cold of night in Alkid.
With the concept of lesehan (sitting without a chair on the ground or floor by mats), generally food stalls in the south square area are selling food at a price not expensive. Various kinds of food that is burned can you taste here such as roasted corn, grilled bananas and bread baker, nasi kucing (cat rice) that is a special food of Jogja, baker chicken, grilled fish until tempe are available. Your dining atmosphere will be punctuated by the song of the singers who will come where you eat. In addition there are more activities you can enjoy such as cycling around in the alkid. There are several kinds of bikes you can rent that can ride together.
Try playing masangin. you will feel curious if you actually walk or turn away from the road between the two banyan!
RAMAYANA BALLET PERFORMANCE
Ramayana Ballet or also known as the Ramayana Ballet is an art show that combines drama and dance to the accompaniment of traditional music of Java. Ramayana Ballet story is a legend that is sculpted on the wall of Shiva temple beautifully, one of the temples at Prambanan temple. If you are in the Prambanan temple and walked pradaksina (clockwise) you will find the story of Ramayana on the relief. Ramayana is the epic story of legendary written by Valmiki in Sanskrit. You can see the Ramayana Ballet in the temple complex at Prambanan and Purawisata Jogja. The manager, PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan and Ratu Boko, divided in four episodes of the show, kidnapping Sinta, Anoman mission to Alengka, Kumbakarna or Ravana's death, and reunion of Rama-Shinta. There are two locations performances, namely at the stage of Trimurti (indoor), and the open stage (outdoor). Ballet performances starts at 19:30 pm until 21:30 pm.
If you watch on stage Trimurti, all fragments shown completely in one show. Performances in an open stage sometimes display only one episode in a single stage and sometimes displays the full story depends on the schedule that has been made by the manager. Open stage performances offer a more colossal by the number of dancers more than Trimurti. Time on show to the stage at the Open Stage Trimurti or scheduled by the manager. So if you want to look at the open stage or in the Trimurti should see the schedule first.
Rates to watch performances are divided into four classes for the open stage there is a VIP seat right in front of the stage, a Special Class seat in front of the stage but in the back row VIP seat, Class I is in the right and left side of the stage in the front row and class II on the right and left side seat in the back of Class I. While on stage Trimurti divided to be Special Class, Clas I, and Class II.
The whole story is presented in a series of dance movements performed by the beautiful dancers accompanied by Javanese traditional music, gamelan. You are invited to actually dissolve in the story and observe each movement of the dancers to know the story. Movement of the dancers blend with Javanese gamelan music that is serene. There is no spoken dialogue of the dancers, the only speakers are sinden depicting the storyline through the songs in the Java language with a distinctive voice. Lighting in such a way able to describe certain events in the story. Besides the makeup on each dancer is not only beautify but also able to describe the character played by character so the audience can easily recognize though no dialogue. You also do not just see the dance but other interesting scenes such as fireball game acrobatics and agility of a dancer.
You will see the fireball charming game when Hanuman would be burned alive but he just managed to burn Rahwana's Kingdom, named Alengkadiraja. While acrobat could be encountered when Hanuman war with the followers of Rahwana. The fire games when Shinta would burn herself to prove his holiness to her husband is also interesting to be watched. The following excerpt from the Ramayana story
"The story begins when King Janaka held a contest to determine the companion Dewi Shinta (daughter) who eventually is won by Rama Wijaya. Followed by the adventures of Rama, Shinta and Rama's brother named Lakshmana in the Dandaka Forest. In the forest they met that Rahwana who want to have Sinta because she is considered as an incarnation of Dewi Widowati, a woman who has long sought. To attract the attention of Sinta , Rahwana change of his followers named Marica to be Deer. The effort was successful because Sinta was attracted and asked Rama to chase the deer. Laksmana search for Rama, after a long time Rama not come back while Sinta was abandoned and given a magic circle of protection so that Rahwana could not kidnap. The protection failed after Rahwana kidnapped Shinta successfully after he transform himself into the figure of Durna. Jatayu or Garuda Bird try to help Dewi Shinta, but instead cut his wings by Rahwana. From Jatayu was Rama and Lakshman knew that Sinta has been kidnapped by the giant of the kingdom Alengka (Sri Lanka). In his search of Rama and monkey troops allied with warlord-led Sugriva and also with sacred white monkey, Hanuman. Hanuman who was ordered to search for Dewi Shinta into the kingdom of Alengka was captured by Rahwana troops and burned alive, but Hanuman escaped succesfully. In this scene the audience, mostly foreign tourists is made unnerved. Hanuman fire attraction, such as jumped over the fire and burn `houses' by the straw which is a replica of the Alengka Kingdom. At the end of the story, Sinta is brought back by Hanuman, the monkey figure agile and powerful. But when brought back, Rama did not believe in Sinta anymore and consider that she has been tarnished. Sinta was asked to burn her body to prove the sanctity of self. Her holiness has been proved because her body does not burned anything but she became more beautiful. Rama was eventually accepted back as a wife."
For two full hours you will see Sinta graceful motion, the motion of Rahwana that is too funny rude, Rama and Laksmana motion quiet and charismatic, agile movement and motion Subali- Anoman and his little monkey warrior who wore colorful costumes. Ramayana Ballet at Prambanan complex is supported by approximately 200 artists consisting of dancers, singers and players of Javanese traditional music. Players wearing the cloting of Java typical depicting clothes of warrior characters was played by each dancer, equipped with weapons in the form of an arrow, spear, and dagger. Some dancers are dressed in an ape costume.
Above is Ramayana Ballet performance at Prambanan stage that is played depends on the schedule made by the management side. Meanwhile, if at stage of Purawisata, Ramayanan performance is held every evening at 20:00 to 21:30 pm. Ramayana Ballet at Purawisata is an award-winning Indonesian Record Museum (MURI) in 2001 the category "No Stop Performance for 29 years'. The same story line with Ballet at Prambanan that essentially tells the love between Rama and Shinta, the insolence of Rahwana, the loyalty and courage of Hanuman.
The artists who support Ramayana ballet do not receive much salary. They produce an amazing show is only their love and faithful to art and cultural heritage. So if you go to Jogja, take your time to watch this beautiful ballet. Not just for entertainment but to help preserve the continuity of the national culture!
LEATHER PUPPET SHOW at the Museum Sonobudoyo
Puppet is Indonesian native performing arts that develope in Java and Bali. UNESCO, the cultural institution from United Nation, on 7 November 2003 set a puppet as a shadow puppet show of Indonesia famous as a masterpiece of world heritage is invaluable in the art of spoken (Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity). Many countries have performing of puppet show but shadow puppet show (Wayang) in Indonesia have diction and uniqueness own style, which is a genuine masterpiece of Indonesia.
Dr. GAJ Hazeu, in his dissertation Bijdrage tot de Kennis van het Javaansche Tooneel (Th 1897 in Leiden, The Netherlands) believes that the puppet show are from the original art of Java. It can be seen from the terms used a lot using the Java language for example, kelir, blencong, cempala, kepyak, and wayang. It also can be seen that the arrangement of the traditional houses in Java, we will usually find the parts room: emper, pendhapa, omah buri, gandhok, senthong and room for performance named ringgit (pringgitan), in Javanese wayang ringgit means wayang (puppet). For the Javanese in build a house also provides a place for puppet performances.
Other Western scholars that is agree if wayang originated from the Javanese are Hazeau, Brandes, Kats, Rentse, and Kruyt. Their reasoning is that the art of puppet is still very closely related to sociocultural and religious state of the Indonesian people, especially the Javanese. Panakawan, the most significant figures in the puppet, Semar- Gareng- Petruk- Bagong, there are only puppets in Indonesia, and not in another country. In addition, names and technical terms puppet shows, it all comes from the Javanese (Ancient), and not other languages. Ir. Sri Mulyono in his book : Symbolism and Mysticism in the Puppet (1979), estimate the puppet has existed since the time of Neolithikum, ie approximately 1,500 years before Christ. But the evidence of literature that mentions the new puppet was found during the reign of King Airlangga, king Kahuripan (976 -1012), ie when the kingdom in East Java that was prosperous. Puppet as a performance and spectacle had been started there since the reign of King Airlangga. Some inscriptions are made at that time, among others already mentioned the words "mawayang 'and` aringgit' which means puppet show.
Hindu came to Indonesia adjust the existing culture. Art show is be an effective medium to spread the Hindu religion,which the puppet show using the story of Ramayana and Mahabharata. When Islam came to Indonesia, shows that display humans and the gods in human form is prohibited then emerged puppet that was made of cowhide or buffalo, when the show takes place which is watched just the shadow, we know as shadow puppets present. Introduction of Islam to Indonesia since the 15th century also gives a great influence on the culture of puppets, especially the religious concept of the shadow puppet's philosophy. Besides as long as Islam period also began to use specially-shaped of oil lamps called blencong on Wayang Kulit performances. The art is growing rapidly, acculturation occurs between the old culture with the new culture of Islam. Stylization of shadow has been very different from the form of human being. The nine saints (Wali Songo) have choosen this despiction style. They chose this path in order to keep hold puppet shows well and do not violate the prohibition according to the teachings of Islam that does not allow depict living creatures like as humans or animals realistically. Form of the Purwa shadow puppet is much different prototypes with an overview of man, though shadow puppets have eyes, nose, and mouth. but the overall body shape of thin, sharp nose to signify nobility, long and narrow eyes, the shape of the mouth of the winding, a small neck, and hands that very long reach foot of the figure.
Leather puppets are also often known Wayang Purwa has been one of the national cultural heritage and has been very famous in the world. So many foreign tourists who come to learn the art of shadow puppets, because quite unique. Currently puppet show was still one of the interesting spectacle that favored by the people of Yogyakarta. This art uses a large screen and the shadow puppet played behind the white screen, so it is seemed watch a cartoons or movies at the cinema. The use of screens is influence of Islam. Puppet that was originally shaped dolls made of wood and called Wayang Golek, forbidden to perform because Islamic law prohibits to paint of gods in human form (the doll). When Raden Patah (king/the sultan) of Demak wanted to watch a puppet show, the Islamic leaders did not give permission. The Islamic leaders changed the form of a wayang golek to be a shadow puppet (wayang kulit) as the solution. The show was through the media screen, so that looks just a shadow, not its original form.
Puppet show is organized and run by a puppeteer who moves and fills voices of the figures in the show. Interestingly, when the puppet show is running, in the middle are usually interspersed with "goro-goro" consisting of Semar, Bagong, Petruk, and Gareng usually a story that raised the issues of current that is interspersed with funny things in it. Shadow puppet is usually held through the night until dawn even not uncommon to be held for seven days and seven nights. Puppet show still some use blencong but not the least that has replaced with a spotlight.
In Jogjakarta, you can watch this puppet in the Museum Sonobudoyo. Puppet show here is not all night but presented in summary of the hours of 8 p.m. to 10 pm on weekdays. Puppeteer plays puppet according to the original rule (pakem) ie using the Java language accompanied by Javanese gamelan music. The stage is made in such a way that spectators can watch from behind of the puppeteer or behind the screen. Both provide a different sensation when you watch from behind the puppeteer, you can see the color of puppet characters and easily distinguish each character. Whereas if you watch from behind the screen, you can see the characters of shadow puppet that inlay shadow puppet make the shadow into beautiful and lively.
At present people are rarely hold shadow puppet all-night for circumcision party, wedding party, and other celebration parties. That is because the price of the puppet performance is very expensive and also the tastes of people change, they more like the modern entertainment, such as keroncong, campursari that are also still a culture of Indonesia. But what a pity if the puppet that has become the heritage of the world just a pride without obvious evidence of ownership from the nation that has the shadow puppet. Viewers of leather puppet in the Museum Sonobudoyo usually is more many foreign tourists than domestic tourists.
Please take your time for two hours to enjoy this valuable heritage!
There are still many other nightspots in addition to those we have described above either stall or angkringan in Jogja. Angkringan with concepts such as cafes around the campus in north Jogja, there are a few of them are equipped with live musical entertainment. If you want to café, you will meet easily, especially in tourist areas, such as Sosrowijayan and Prawirotaman. You can find also places such as karaoke and sports indoor soccer and badminton in Jogja at night. So your night in Jogja will be full of events!
(Prepared from various sources / September, 2011/ Tour Department-wi2n)